Saint Augustine of Hippo remains a central figure in Christian history, and for his probative philosophical works such as Confessions, and City of God, in Western thought. He studied first in Tagaste, then in the nearby university town of Madauros, and finally at Carthagethe great city of Roman Africa.
For the next 20 years, from the s to the s, he was preoccupied with the struggle to make his own brand of Christianity prevail over all others in Africa.
However, his mastery of Latin was another matter. Augustine had always been a dabbler in one form or another of the Christian religionand the collapse of his career at Milan was associated with an intensification of religiosity. The story of his early life is exceedingly well known—better known than that of virtually any other Greek or Roman worthy.
During the next 15 years, working meticulously through a lofty architecture of argument, he outlined a new way to understand human societysetting up the City of God over and against the City of Man.
When Augustine accepted baptism at the hands of Ambrose inthereby joining the religion of his mother to the cultural practices of his father, he managed to make it a Christianity of his own. He remembers that he did not steal the fruit because he was hungry, but because "it was not permitted.
He believed that the grace of Christ was indispensable to human freedom and he framed the concepts of original sin and just war. It is drenched in language from the Bible and is a work of great force and artistry.
For example, he refers to Apuleius as "the most notorious of us Africans,"   to Ponticianus as "a country man of ours, insofar as being African,"   and to Faustus of Mileve as "an African Gentleman ".
Those who seek to find in it the memoirs of a great sinner are invariably disappointed, indeed often puzzled at the minutiae of failure that preoccupy the author. His memorial is celebrated 28 August, the day of his death.
He dated this experience to his time in Milan, and in relation to this he explained his ensuing career. Many who knew him would have seen instead either progress or outright tergiversation, depending on their point of view. After only two years there, he resigned his teaching post and, after some soul-searching and apparent idleness, made his way back to his native town of Tagaste.
Thirty years old, he had won the most visible academic position in the Latin world at a time when such posts gave ready access to political careers. Augustine responded to the shock and dismay his contemporaries experienced with the collapse… Even then, approaching his 60th year, Augustine found—or manufactured—a last great challenge for himself.
But contemporaries found it odd to single out that particular moment—when he was conveniently away from Africa and from any scrutiny of his motives and actions—in a life that was not always as he seemed to narrate it.
I loved my own error—not that for which I erred, but the error itself. One effect of the book was to make it much easier for medieval readers to find and identify authentic works of Augustine, and this was surely a factor in the remarkable survival of so much of what he wrote.
While still at Carthage, he wrote a short philosophical book aimed at displaying his own merits and advancing his career; unfortunately, it is lost. In his last years he compiled a careful catalog of his books, annotating them with bristling defensiveness to deter charges of inconsistency.
To… Life overview Augustine was born in Tagaste, a modest Roman community in a river valley 40 miles 64 km from the Mediterranean coast in Africa, near the point where the veneer of Roman civilization thinned out in the highlands of Numidia. Augustine's City of God was closely identified with the segment of the Church that adhered to the concept of the Trinity as defined by the Council of Nicaea and the Council of Constantinople.
He had opponents, many of them heated in their attacks on him, but he usually retained their respect by the power and effectiveness of his writing. After his conversion to Christianity and his baptism inAugustine developed his own approach to philosophy and theology, accommodating a variety of methods and different perspectives.
InAugustine returned to north Africa, where he sold his possessions and led a monastic life. The rest of Confessions is mainly a meditation on how the continued study of Scripture and pursuit of divine wisdom are still inadequate for attaining perfection and how, as bishop, Augustine makes peace with his imperfections.
His fame notwithstanding, Augustine died a failure. Other churchmen of the time were perplexed and reacted with some caution to Augustine, but he persisted, even reviving the battle against austere monks and dignified bishops through the s.
The narrative of Confessions shows Augustine forming the will to renounce sexuality through a reading of the letters of St. The stinging attack on paganism in the first books is memorable and effective; the encounter with Platonism in Books VIII—X is of great philosophical significance; and the last books especially Book XIX, with a vision of true peace offer a view of human destiny that would be widely persuasive for at least a thousand years.
When the Western Roman Empire began to disintegrate, Augustine developed the concept of the Catholic Church as a spiritual City of God in a book of the same namedistinct from the material Earthly City. Eventually, Augustine says that he was spiritually led into the faith of Christianity.
I loved my own error—not that for which I erred, but the error itself. Early writings Moderns enamoured of Augustine from the narrative in Confessions have given much emphasis to his short, attractive early works, several of which mirror the style and manner of Ciceronian dialogues with a new, Platonized Christian content: Finally, inhis forces attacked and seized the city of Rome itself, holding it for several days before decamping to the south of Italy.Biography of Saint Augustine Augustine of Hippo (Latin: Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis; 13 November – 28 August ), also known as St Augustine, St Austin, or St Augoustinos, was a Father of the Church whose writings are considered very influential in the development of.
Saint Augustine of Hippo (/ ɔː ˈ ɡ ʌ s t ɪ n /; 13 November – 28 August ) was a Roman African, early Christian theologian and philosopher from Numidia whose writings influenced the development of Western Christianity and Western fmgm2018.com shrine: San Pietro in Ciel d'Oro, Pavia, Italy.
Aurelius Augustinus (St. Augustine) lived in the Roman Empire from to A.D. In he converted to Christianity from the pagan Machanean religion. He was a teacher of rhetoric and became the Bishop of the city of Hippo.
Nov 05, · Best Answer: Aurelius Augustinus, Augustine of Hippo, or Saint Augustine (November 13, – August 28, ) was one of the most important figures in the development of Western Christianity. In Roman Catholicism, he is a saint and pre-eminent Doctor of the Church, and the patron of the Augustinian religious fmgm2018.com: Resolved.
Nov 05, · Best Answer: Aurelius Augustinus, Augustine of Hippo, or Saint Augustine (November 13, – August 28, ) was one of the most important figures in the development of Western Christianity.
In Roman Catholicism, he is a saint and pre-eminent Doctor of the Church, and the patron of the Augustinian religious fmgm2018.com: Resolved. influenced the development of western christianity and western philosophyhe was the bishop of hippo regius in north africa and is viewed as one of the most important church fathers in western christianity for his.Download