Military leaders like Paul von Hindenburg, who should have been disgraced into retirement by the defeat ofremained as heroes and important political players in the new society. Instead, the struggles induced by the First World War persisted for the decade following.
He was to be elected independently of the Reichstag by the nation itself, was to hold office for seven years, and was to be eligible for reelection. Weimar Germany was at the mercy of many different ideas and forces — political and economic, internal and external, structural and short-term — that it is difficult to isolate one or two as being chiefly responsible for its demise.
Parties spanning a broad political spectrum from Communists on the far left to National Socialists Nazis on the far right competed in the Weimar elections. The position of the trade unionsthe eight-hour workday, and the right of collective bargaining were safeguarded under the republic, but the attempt to extend democracy to the industrial sphere met with powerful opposition from the industrialists.
The new German government struggled to deal with these crises, which had produced a serious hyperinflation. This ended the hyperinflation. The politics of transformation has often led to totalitarian states and mass murder.
German industrialists, wealthy capitalists, press barons like Alfred Hugenberg and the upper echelons of the Reichswehr. The economy was stabilized and potential threat to the Republic neutralized. During the debates in Weimar, fighting continued.
Relations with France had in any case remained bad. The Weimar Republic was successful because it did help Germany's wealth, however this was only because of the US. His dreams of expansion for Germany were now possible.
They re-badged the NSDAP as a legitimate contender for Reichstag seats; they toned down their anti-Semitic and anti-republican rhetoric; they recruited members to increase party membership; they expanded the NSDAP from a Bavarian group into a national political party.
The occupation forces responded with mass arrests, deportations, and an economic blockade that cut off not only the Ruhr but also the greater part of the occupied Rhineland from the rest of Germany. Gustav Stresseman helped Germany recover from hyper-inflation by changing the currency, agreeing to pay reparations, and borrowing money from America.
The constitution gave emergency powers to the directly elected President and made him the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. On April 16,a treaty of friendship was signed between Germany and the Soviet Union at RapalloItaly, waiving reparations claims by both sides and promising the expansion of Soviet-German trade.
This decreased the stress the people had to go through and helped ensure the survival of the Republic. Hitler was now the legal dictator of Germany, with a lot of support from the German people.
This meant Germany had more then enough to pay back reparations. Thus, marked the end of the brief period during which the Social Democrats were the dominant party in the republic. This disenchantment was to provide the left-wing opposition with strong working-class support, which weakened both the Social Democratic Party and the republic.
Although the new government was confirmed by the Berlin worker and soldier council, it was opposed by the Spartacist League. Yet, these problems went unchecked or were at best belatedly dealt with and reached critical proportions because industrialists, labor union leaders, land owners, and members of the middle class were all caught up in their particular short term self-interests.
How does a democratic government deal with terrorism and violent radical political groups who desire to destroy the democracy? In the pre-World War I period, only men twenty-five years of age and older had the right to vote, and their elected representatives had very little power.
This relative "golden age" was reflected in the strong support for moderate pro-Weimar political parties in the elections. Reparations remained a divisive issue for the duration of the Weimar Republic.
Ruth Fischer struggled to keep the Communist party focused on these issues. He worked to create good relations between Germany and her neighbors, particularly France. The workers were no l…onger on strike.Right-wing nationalists still hated the Republic as the 'November criminals' - they just waited for a situation to arise which would give them the opportunity to attack the Weimar government.
In this way, the Wall Street collapse of was to prove a disaster for the Weimar republic. The Weimar Republic was successful for working towards the Dawes Plan of which brought substantial revitalization of the German economy, allowing it to grow and improve so as to lessen the economic stresses placed on the people at the time (Turner: Stresemann's efforts from resulted in conciliatory attitude of Weimar=Dawes).
By Germany was unable to fulfil its quarterly reparations instalments, triggering the occupation of the Ruhr region by French and Belgian troops, the hyperinflation crisis of and the collapse of two Weimar government coalitions.
Reparations remained a divisive issue for the duration of the Weimar Republic. Ironically byAdolf Hitler, a dedicated foe of the Weimar Republic, was the only political leader capable of commanding a legislative majority.
On January 30,an aged President von Hindenburg reluctantly named Hitler Chancellor of the Republic. Its center is the “Ruhrlade”, a club of powerful industrialist, always eager, but by no means always succesful, to shape the republic’s politics in their image. From a decision-maker perspective, we fend off socialist revolt, French Ruhr occupation, inflation, Weimar life until the rise of the Nazis.
I believe that between andthe Weimar Republic was highly successful. They managed to start rebuilding Germany, and completely turn around the country’s morale. This period subdued political opposition, and helped Germany move forward.Download